An inspirational guidebook to 50 memorable expeditions throughout the Pennines, the iconic backbone of England. The exact area of the Pennines is difficult to define. In terms of this book they extend no further south than Mam Tor above Edale, and not much further north than Cross Fell, the highest summit of the Pennines, lying on the eastern edge of Cumbria. Within this area is an amazing, and often frustrating, succession of landscapes fashioned from river valleys, moorlands and upland peat bogs, and penned in by a host of cities, towns and villages to form an area that weaves a rich and interesting story of industrial development together with a strong cultural heritage.
These circular walks are all graded, making this guidebook equally suitable for first-time and more experienced walkers looking for new corners of the North Pennines, Howgills, Yorkshire Dales, South Pennines and Dark Peak.
Walks are graded in four ways:
• Moderate: shorter walks without significant height gain; some occasional issues with route finding or terrain, but generally straightforward
• Moderately demanding: devoid of serious hazard in good conditions, but requiring map-reading and compass skills; mainly, but not always, on clear paths
• Demanding: similar to strenuous, but usually shorter or with less height gain, but still rugged, remote and energetic walks
• Strenuous: lengthy, over rough and/or high ground, sometimes in remote locations; there may be long, rugged and/or trackless sections